Parties at COP15 adopt “Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework” (GBF)

Montreal – After an intensive two-week meeting, nations of the world agreed on a historic package of measures to addressing the dangerous loss of biodiversity and restoring natural ecosystems. Convened under UN auspices, chaired by China, and hosted by Canada, the 15th Conference of Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the “Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework” (GBF), including four goals and 23 targets for achievement by 2030.

Next to the goals to protect 30% of Earth’s lands, oceans, coastal areas, inland waters by 2030, the International Alliance against Health Risks in Wildlife Trade particularly welcomes the agreement on Target 5 on safe and sustainable wildlife trade while reducing the risk of pathogen spill-over as well as considering the One Health Approach for the implementation of the framework.

Excerpt of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (CBD/COP/15/L.25) 18 December 2022:

SECTION A. Background […]

SECTION B. Purpose […]

SECTION C. Considerations for the implementation of the framework […]

Biodiversity and health
25. The framework acknowledges the interlinkages between biodiversity and health and the three objectives of the Convention. The framework is to be implemented with consideration of the One Health Approach, among other holistic approaches that are based on science, mobilize multiple sectors, disciplines and communities to work together and aim to sustainably balance and optimize, the health of people, animals, plants and ecosystems, recognizing the need for equitable access to tools and technologies including medicines, vaccines and other health products related to biodiversity, while highlighting the urgent need to reduce pressures on biodiversity and decrease environmental degradation to reduce risks to health, and, as appropriate, develop practical access and benefit-sharing arrangements.”

SECTION D. Relationship with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development […]

SECTION E. Theory of change […]

SECTION F. 2050 Vision and 2030 mission […]

SECTION G. Kunming-Montreal Global Goals for 2050 […]

SECTION H. Kunming-Montreal 2030 Global Targets […]

The framework has 23 action-oriented global targets for urgent action over the decade to 2030.

1. Reducing threats to biodiversity

“Ensure that the use, harvesting and trade of wild species is sustainable, safe and legal, preventing overexploitation, minimizing impacts on non-target species and ecosystems, and reducing the risk of pathogen spill-over, applying the ecosystem approach, while respecting and protecting customary sustainable use by indigenous peoples and local communities.”


Postponed: ‘Expert Interview’ from the CBD COP with Cristina Romanelli and Dr. Kim Grützmacher

New date will be published soon!

About the Event:
At the ongoing UN Biodiversity Conference (CBD COP 15) in Montreal the achievement and delivery of the CBD’s Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 is reviewed and a final decision on the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework shall be taken. This GBF and the Action Plan for Biodiversity and Health provide a once-in-a-decade opportunity to insert the health angle into the biodiversity discourse and concretely help reduce the risk of future pandemics of zoonotic origin. They are key to the implementation of a holistic approach to pandemic prevention, encompassing and building on the One Health approach.

To give onsite insights from the ongoing negotiations and outlook what comes next, the International Alliance against Health Risks in Wildlife Trade is thrilled to host an

Postponed: Expert Interview from the CBD COP
with Cristina Romanelli and Dr. Kim Grützmacher
new date will be available soon

Both will share with us their impressions of the dynamics in Montreal, specifically focusing on the intersection of health topics in the biodiversity discourse. They will offer insights from the negotiations and report on outcomes relevant to the Alliance’s goals regarding pandemic prevention at the source and One Health. Together we will look towards the future and consider what impact this COP’s results will have on other ongoing international Biodiversity and One Health processes for pandemic prevention.

About the Speakers:
Cristina Romanelli is a programme officer and focal point on biodiversity, climate and health with the World Health Organization. She has over 20 years of experience in policy evaluation and development, multi-stakeholder engagement, capacity-building, and interdisciplinary research at the nexus of biodiversity conservation and management, global health, climate change, and One Health. She has provided high-level scientific and policy advice in research and regulatory-compliance settings, primarily in the areas of biodiversity and ecosystem management and conservation, global and public health, One Health, climate change, and regulatory energy policy. She also managed the WHO’s Joint Work Programme on biodiversity and health with the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and now co-leads the WHO-IUCN expert working group on biodiversity, climate, One Health and Nature-based Solutions.

Dr. Kim Grützmacher is a Senior Advisor One Health / Biodiversity and Health in the secretariat of the Alliance and member of the GIZ observer mission to the CBD COP. She is also thematic lead for planetary health at the Museum für Naturkunde (MfN) / Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Science. Previously, she worked as a Program Manager for the Health Program of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). At WCS Kim provided technical guidance on wildlife health and health management issues as they arose for WCS site and species-focused conservation projects, within a One Health framework. Having earned her PhD from the Robert Koch Institute (in collaboration with the Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology), she advises the German Government as vice-chair of the scientific advisory board on One Health to the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

About the Alliance:
The International Alliance against Health Risks in Wildlife Trade serves as an inclusive and interdisciplinary platform to discuss challenges and formulate solutions vis-á-vis human-wildlife interfaces and associated health risks and the emergence and spread of zoonotic pathogens from wildlife. The Alliance is aiming to enhance international and national awareness, knowledge, policies and action, not least by narrowing the gap between science and implementation

We are very much looking forward to jointly reflecting on the just finished CBD COP in Montreal. Please feel free to forward and share this invitation with interested colleagues.